Prune above the bud; Prune the branches so that they are relatively uniform in size. The begonia maculata can tolerate both bright and low light conditions. It typically affects the lower leaves that touch the soil and climbs upwards. You’re trying to simulate how it grows beneath the canopy in a tropical forest, meaning it’s not meant to grow in direct sunlight. Begonia Maculata Care . (This term of art means cutting, not just pinching.) Begonias also root best in cooler temperatures. Always let the topsoil dry before rewatering and maintain good air circulation. Begonia maculata will eventually grow be be 3-4 feet tall. If you’re looking for something unusual that attracts attention, this over-the-top begonia is a great choice. Light is important, too, but the secret to begonia maculata care is the humidity factor. This one’s easy if you’re keeping them indoors, because they like the same temperatures we do. This houseplant is prone to various issues related to overwatering, such as root rot, fungal diseases on lower leaves, and powdery mildew. Add 1 pound of 10-10-10 fertilizer per every 100 square feet of garden bed. It’s called “easy” and can be—but it needs pretty specific conditions in the way of humidity, light, and watering. The palm soil mix is the way to go for a Begonia Maculata. They are fussy about humidity and need semi-regular pruning, but they’re very easy to propagate. If windows aren’t an option – or you live in a place up north with too much cloud coverage – consider. Begonia maculata is a robust plant that requires soil with balanced nutrients. First of all, do not feed it in the winter season because begonia maculata stop growing in winters. Begonia Maculata grows best in light potting soil or sandy loam soil. A lanky plant can be okay, but the leaves should be healthy and free of damage. The small white dots on the green leaves create this perfect contrast of color, and it’s all the more heightened by the small white flowers, the red underside, and the yellow stems. The Polka Dot Begonia requires a soil or other growing medium with good aeration that drains well and holds moisture without becoming overly soggy. 1-1.5 meters. If the roots still have room, you can shake out the old soil and replace it. A southern exposure works well in winter months; east or west windows are fine year-round as long as you keep them out of direct light. Feed every two to four weeks in the months between April and September. Give the cutting good light, keep its temps comfortable, and in a few weeks your new plant will be established! Insert the stake so that it’s angled away from the direction the stem leans. Patrick likes to pretend that urban gardening is just a hobby, but he’s actually prepping for the apocalypse. Begonia Maculata needs regular feeding with balanced liquid fertilizer. For best results, use a half-strength solution of a balanced, water soluble fertilizer product, used according to package directions. Dilute it 50% and feed them every two to four weeks when they’re growing, and cut back during the winter. It’s not their standout feature. Begonia Maculata thrives in temperate, tropical conditions. According to the University of Vermont, you should use a soil-less potting mix for this indoor plant that includes peat moss, perlite, or vermiculite. This, along with regular fertilizer, will help boost your houseplant’s fertility. Spotted Begonia. See more ideas about Begonia maculata, Begonia, Planting flowers. If you go the route of water propagation, cut off a stem – just below the bud of the mother plant- that doesn’t have any flowers growing on it. Let’s dive into the ins and outs of raising this indoor plant – from its origins in Brazil to its required maintenance and care. It’s easy to use and I’ve had great results year after year. This houseplant will be the envy of any indoor grower. The other main requirement for healthy Polka Dot Begonia is high humidity. , you should use a soil-less potting mix for this indoor plant that includes peat moss, perlite, or vermiculite. Remove fallen foliage or blooms, and prune affected areas. Begonia Maculata likes a balanced moisture level, and overwatering can be disastrous. Significant pruning twice a year is typical, but you can do less every few weeks after fresh growth emerges. Gently lift the plant from its pot to check the root ball. This very beautiful plant native to Central and South America (Mexico) branched into very many species with unique colors and shapes. You don’t need to construct a greenhouse for it, but you’ll need to make some humidity allowances to keep your maculata fresh and happy. It’s a delight for the eyes. Drooping and yellowing leaves can be a sign that your houseplant is not receiving enough sunlight. Assuming you have soil with good drainage, you can simply stick your finger in the soil to determine if it needs more water or not. Read more about other ways to improve humidity for your plants in this article. Take care not to tear the roots. Maculatas bloom from spring to fall, producing clusters of white flowers with cheery yellow centers on a single stem. The fibrous-rooted Begonias make excellent houseplants and are also known for having small flowers. Clusters of white flowers or pink flowers appear in the winter and spring. The leaves will show scorched areas if they’re getting too much. Either way, prepare for a siege. Begonia Maculata commonly referred to as the Polka dot Begonia, is undoubtedly one of the most strikingly gorgeous species of indoor plants.This exotic plant derives its name from its unique silver spotted leaves and red undersides. This post contains affiliate links, which means we receive a commission if you click a link and purchase something recommended. The head-turning Begonia maculata is trending now, but it’s been around for a while. Alternatively place their light pot inside a heavier container. – A large group of begonias that often have colorful leaves growing from thick rhizomes along the soil’s surface. Begonia maculata, or Polka Dot Begonia as it's commonly called is an instantly recognizable variety by it's one-of-a-kind silver spots. Have you had success with the Begonia Maculata plant? If you’re interested in propagating a new plant, you have a few options, but propagating in water is a good route for beginners. They have a root ball with thin roots, as well as small glossy leaves. Do this until the baby Begonia Maculata is established. It can blossom up to three times in a single year. A word of caution – just because a Begonia Maculata. This covers some really useful tips to help you avoid overwatering or underwatering your plants. Also, be sure that you sterilize your tools before each use. This disease causes pimple-like leaf spots. However, we recommend that you halve the recommended dose and fertilize your indoor plant every 2-4 weeks. Once you get it dialed in, however, you’ll have a plant that’s the envy of your neighborhood. Contaminated plants should be thrown away safely—not composted. Begonia maculata, or Polka Dot begonia as it’s often called, is a splashy show-stopper that looks fantastic with it’s olive green leaves and contrasting spots. The most common issue with “saving” a maculata is optimizing its soil, which is often too heavy or exhausted. These temperate plants don’t want to be too hot or too cold. A Begonia Maculata needs at least 45% humidity, but more is better. Much like the name suggests, it leaves a white powder-like substance on your leaves that’s pretty unattractive. The cane tips issue a hormone to suppress branching, so removing them stimulates bushier growth. Apply fertilizer to the soil prior to planting bedding begonias in spring. Poor air circulation can contribute. The canes become sparse and leggy, because the plant tends to put more energy into growing up instead of out. Wait until the container is filled with roots before repotting. Begonia Maculata. Its foliage is very similar to the Tuberous Begonia, except that it produces smaller clusters of flowers. Maculatas also need judicious pruning and grooming to look their best. This will promote growth and treat your new plants with much-needed nutrients. High (minimum of 45% but aim for 50% or more). Another bummer, this disease turns roots yellow and lower stems black. They’re more a nice accent than a feature. Most plants need bright, indirect light, well-drained soil, at least 50% humidity, and warm temperatures (70–75°F) to be at their best. Always present on the leaves or pattern in the form of variegated-strewn with colored spots, or bright contrasting patterns. If necessary, the plant will tolerate low light, but it won’t be happy in very dim quarters. – This group belongs to the species called Begonia Grandis. Begonia Maculata falls under the Cane-like Begonia or Angel Wing Begonia classification, meaning it has long leaves and stems with bamboo-like joints. Also, keep them away from drafty areas. The ideal soil condition for Begonia Masoniana care is a porous, slightly acidic planting mix. Gently remove the root ball and loosen the dirt. Because of the amount of humidity required by this indoor plant, it could develop a fungus or pests. Grouping them with other plants and using water trays are basic methods to raise humidity, but if your home is very dry—and most tend to be—a humidifier is the ultimate solution. This fertilizer will ensure that your begonias receive a well-balanced nutrient dose and will help it grow faster and much healthier. Watering Begonia Maculata If you keep your Maculata healthy and observe basic plant hygiene—keep their leaves clean, sterilize your tools—it won’t be susceptible to pests or diseases. Prevention through well-drained soil and careful watering is the only treatment. Unfortunately, otherwise healthy humid conditions increase this threat. Luckily, the Begonia Maculata is pretty easy to propagate. Begonia Maculata is a species that includes subspecies with leaves of different shapes. Fibrous-rooted – This begonia category is known for its small flowers, glossy green leaves, and fibrous root systems. Try for at least 45% humidity; higher is better. Look for one that contains a more or less equal ratio of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium (look for equal NPK numbers on the bottle) diluted to a half or a quarter of the recommended strength. You won’t always need a bigger pot. In this article, we’ll share how to keep a Begonia maculata happy, and how to fix problems that can arise. How to care for Begonia maculata: Begonia maculata needs bright indirect light, well-aerated soil that dries a bit between waterings, fertilization every 2-4 weeks, and temperatures of 65°F (18°C) to 86°F (30°C). You can consider having a mixture of vermiculite, peat and perlite moss. Every one to two days, open the bag and mist it. On the other side of the spectrum, low light can interrupt leaf and flower development. Here’s what to do: As these plants grow taller, they benefit from a little support. That said, you want to keep it away from direct sunlight. Store it in an airtight container to keep it fresh and sterile. Fertilizing Needs to Care for Begonia Maculata Feed begonias with a balanced fertilizer—nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in equal quantities. Yearly repotting is recommended. If nothing else, it is the perfect accent piece for a home. The use of quick-draining soil also means that a lot of the nutrients could be lost in the water. Soil. If we like the vibes you’re throwing down, we’ll include your photo in this article. Description. The Begonia Maculata is a flowering plant, which means it requires fertilizer every once in a while to have enough energy to be able to keep growing. Overwatering is the classic cause of yellow leaves, but other factors can contribute. Make sure you don’t expose them to conditions under 60 degrees Fahrenheit. You can also add a bit of compost to the pot – but not much. His dream is to one day feed his family with just the food he grows in his Chicago-based condo. Much like with water and fertilizer, balance is key when it comes to the Begonia Maculata. Yearly repotting is the best practice, even if you’re just returning them to the same container. My husband and I are attempting to turn our tiny city condo into an urban gardening oasis. Most have a pinkish-red hue and variegation or spots. They are a fairly fast grower that can reach three feet or more, and their cascading white flowers bloom throughout the warm season. The stems affected by the disease become mushy, puffy, and black. Even if you’re not potting up, annual soil refreshment does them good. In the late spring and summertime, you may be able to let your Polka Dot Begonia go on holiday in an outdoor garden. If all else fails, move it to another bright location. How to care for Begonia maculata: Begonia maculata needs bright indirect light, well-aerated soil that dries a bit between waterings, fertilization every 2-4 weeks, and temperatures of 65°F (18°C) to 86°F (30°C). You can purchase the Begonia Maculata Wightii from any of these Etsy or Amazon partners: The Begonia Maculata is a houseplant that requires some regular care and maintenance, such as well-draining soil, fertilizer every 2-3 weeks, proper temperature, high humidity, bright indirect light, pruning, and more. Another method is using a short-acting organic pesticide before releasing beneficial predators like ladybugs to gobble the rest. : You can place the Begonia Maculata anywhere in the home with bright indirect light. They do well in light commercial mixes; but, to give them perfect conditions, it’s a good idea to mix in these amendments: • Perlite – These tiny white balls of fluffy, almost Styrofoam-textured material are actually natural volcanic glass. Allowing the topsoil to dry also discourages fungus and nuisance pests like gnats. Fertilize container-grown begonias in spring when the plants send up their first shoots. 1 Work a balanced fertilizer into the soil at planting time. Begonia Maculata thrives in temperatures between 65°F and 86°F (18°C and 30°C, respectively). The roots are more toxic than the leaves or stems. Proper potting is another big factor. Heavy soil can cause lingering malaise. It can be easier to grow a new plant than keep a grown one happy … crazy, right? Angel wing begonias (Begonia spp.) Some round, others oblong, twisted like a shell or oblique-heart. Apply a general-purpose slow release liquid fertilizer every 2-3 weeks. While a green thumb isn’t required to grow this indoor plant, growers should expect to spend some quality time tending to the needs of their Begonia Maculata. Most begonias prefer their soil well-drained, their location partially shaded and their fertilizer well-diluted. Dyna-Gro Grow is simply the best all purpose fertilizer that I’ve used for my indoor plants and should be part of anyone’s houseplant care routine. It’s more work but will boost the health of all your tropicals, and humidity has positive benefits for humans, too. You should repot your Begonia Maculata about once a year. You’ll know your maculata isn’t getting enough light by its leaves: first they lose some color, then turn yellow, and finally start to shed. Hi, I’m Andrew, and Smart Garden Guide is my website all about indoor gardening and houseplants. Direct sunlight can scorch your plants, so keep them away from a south-facing window in the summer. The silvery-white polka dots look almost unreal as if they were painted onto the deep olive-green leaves. Hardy to … They are hardy outdoors for USDA Zone 10. You’ll be lightly fertilizing the plant anyway—this just bolsters fertility. Oct 7, 2020 - Learn how to best care for your Begonia Maculata: Care sheet including info about Soil, Light, Watering, Temperature, Humidity, Fertilizer & Propagation. Fill a small pot with a well-drained soil. They may not perish in low humidity, but they won’t truly flourish. There are two basic methods: putting them in water or straight into soil. If it doesn’t, add extra perlite. Along with a good soil or soil-less mix, you need to have a pot with drainage holes. Height: 30cm (including pot height 10cm) Dipping them in isopropyl alcohol works well. Begonia plants come in many varieties and hybrids, in different colors, sizes, and shapes. Your fertilizer should, therefore, include adequate phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen. The Polka Dot Plant is a moderate feeder, so you should fertilize it every two weeks to promote leaf and bloom growth. It’s a houseplant that is likely to turn heads in your home, and thankfully it isn’t too difficult to care for. You likely don’t need to increase the size of the pot each time you’re repotting. This is my January 2021 Update on my Cane Begonia Collection. Commonly called the Polka Dot Begonia, this beauty is a bit challenging to grow – but boy oh boy, is it worth it. Southern gardeners should consider the polka dot begonia a shade plant, but those in colder climes can put them in bright windows with limited direct morning or afternoon sun. This growing style is called “Standard Form” and it can be applied to any other (suitable) Begonia hybrid. Also, be sure that you don’t water the stems or the leaves. Pruning fixes this tendency. Remove affected material and treat with a fungicide—but treatments can be ineffective and prevention is best. Instead, remove the plant, loosen and remove the dirt, and add fresh soil back into the pot. Begonia Maculata Flowers. The main thing is to not overdo it: you don’t want brown tips and edges on those fancy leaves. No one wants a sad clown begonia. And since the leaves are the best feature of this fantastic plant, you need to be careful not to overdo it. Apply a balanced liquid houseplant food at half the rate recommended on the package. Hello Select your address Garden & Outdoor Hello, Sign in. grow to this height, doesn’t mean it should. Powdery mildew is a fungus that is common in many houseplants, including the Polka Dot Begonia. A well-filled out maculata is a spectacular plant, but the bushy look takes some intervention. While they can tolerate temperatures slightly below 65°F, you shouldn’t expose them to anything lower than 60°F (15.56°C). This cane-like plant is a Brazil native, although it has also been found in living in Central America, Mexico, and Asia. These angel wing begonias are considered toxic to dogs, cats and horses by the ASPCA. Experiment with giving them gentle direct morning or late afternoon sun. Start with a light commercial potting soil and add a few handfuls of perlite along with a lesser amount of wood chips until you get a springy, fluffy mix. Botrytis, often called Gray Mold, is a fungal disease that causes soggy brown and gray splotches along the leaves. If you don’t correctly prune this houseplant, it could look long, leggy, and unattractive. Perlite can help with aeration and insulation, while wood chips aid aeration. Apr 3, 2017 - Explore Bowie Cheng's board "Begonia Maculata" on Pinterest. The plant’s exotic look has many moving parts: silver polka dots that seem painted on olive-colored leaves, crimson-colored undersides, and sprays of open bell-like red or white flowers with bright yellow centers on bamboo-looking knotty stems. Begonia Maculata. If it’s watered any more than that, a nasty host of issues can happen, such as root rot. Also, being rootbound can put them in the flowering mood. Firm up the soil around the cutting and water thoroughly. If we like the vibes you’re throwing down, we’ll include your photo in this article. Help us grow! They’re the perfect begonia if you’re looking to make a statement. This will allow it to grow at its best and produce amazing blooms. The Polka Dot Begonia also produces small white flowers. This is the fertilizer I use for most of my houseplants. This indoor plant needs a lot of TLC between the strict watering and light conditions and the high humidity requirements. Begonia Maculata plants are toxic to dogs, cats, and horses. Email [email protected] with your pictures. First, check the soil: it should be light and airy without excessive bark. Unexplained leaf loss and failure to flower can often be remedied by upping the ambient moisture. A good rule of thumb is to add liquid fertilizer to the water every other time you water the plant. Give your maculata a bright spot out of strong sunlight: direct rays can fade the silvery spots or even burn the foliage. No need for anything fancy. You should regularly clean your leaves to keep away pests, fungus, or diseases that appear, and you should always sterilize your tools. Water Propagation – Simply place the cutting’s end into a jar of water. Fertilizing it more than that can cause problems. PRUNING BEGONIA MACULATA If you want a bushier plant, you can trim and prune your plant. Use your finger to judge. Most often its humidity is not high enough. Begonia Types with photos. Leaves and flowers grow from the joints. Keep your plant in the sweet spot that is bright indirect light. With the right indirect light conditions, a Begonia Maculata will flower in late winter and spring, producing beautiful clusters of white flowers. A new leaf will shortly sprout just below the cut. The genus Begonia offers a wide selection of outstanding foliage as well as flowers. It doesn’t usually kill your plant, but it can stress them. They like a little break between waterings, but actual stress is not good: they should never wilt. Consider using a humidifier to increase the humidity in your home. We’re going to talk about humidity first, because it’s the single element that can spell success or mysteriously mediocre results with this plant. Watering this begonia can be tricky unless you have the right kind of soil, which we’ll explain shortly, but first let’s go over the rules. Begonia Maculata Plant Care Begonia Maculata Light. Overwatering can also cause problems at the surface, creating fungus opportunities in the plant’s lower leaves. You will likely need to repot a few times during the first few years of life. NOTE: Use sharp, sterilized shears. Paying attention to humidity is extra important in winter, when indoor heating parches the air. General Information. Even under high light these plants are moderate feeders, so they’re easy to keep fed. It comes with an added percentage of calcium which ensures that either indoor or … Be careful with small specimens, which may be recent cuttings with minimal roots. They do a great job keeping a soil well-aerated and light, and also help insulate the soil from rapid temperature change. Be careful not to overwater your Begonia Maculata. Consider placing near a west or east-facing window. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'twopeasinacondo_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_1',113,'0','0']));To help the plant grow in the mason jar, cover the bag’s top in a plastic baggy. If you see brown tipped leaves, it may be a sign that you’re fertilizing too much. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. The main problems are fungus and infestations related to high-moisture. Here are some of our favorite humidifiers for houseplants. It can cause kidney failure in grazing animals and vomiting and salivation in dogs and cats. by Patrick Chism | Jan 5, 2021 | Growing Guides, Tips | 0 comments. make an interesting focal point for container gardens or patio-pot groupings. Have you had success with the Begonia Maculata plant? Small containers are best: the stem releases rooting hormones you don’t want to dilute. – This group has a flesh tuberous root (like a potato), and they usually flower in the mid-summer through autumn. A good rule of thumb is to have the top 1.5″ of soil (about one finger knuckle length) dry before watering.