Decentralization of power to every zone by appointing zonal commissioners; introduction of revolutionary land reform policy; start of the construction of the East-West highway without any budget; opening of branches of Nepal Rastra Bank in districts and restricting Indian currency in the market by supplying Nepali currency; opening of schools and colleges in different parts of the country and establishment of the Tribhuwan University are the landmark contributions made by King Mahendra. Democracy was restored in Nepal in 2037 BS through referendum and people’s movement 2046 BS. His one poem “Ma marepani mero desh bachirahosh” (My country must live even if I die) is enough to understand him'-Pushpa Raj Pradhan. This incident is called Jhapa revolt. However, this didn’t do much to ease the tension within the country. The first amendment to the constitution on 2019 BS was made in 2023 BS. In his own country, he was a sovereign of the following orders: Gorkha Dakshina Bahu, Nepal Pratap Bhaskara, Nepal Taradisha, Ojaswi Rajanya, and Tri Shakti Patta. In the 1970’s, Nepal’s relationship with other countries began to improve. Kathmandu, Nepal, January 14, 2020: Minister for Foreign Affairs, Pradeep Gyawali has reached at New Delhi, capital of India, on Thursday afternoon to attend in the 6th Joint Joint Commission Meeting between Nepal and India. Kathmandu, Nepal, January 12, 2020: Former King Gyanendra Shah’s statement issued on the occasion of the 299th birth anniversary of King Prithivi Narayan Shah has created a big sensation in the country. Alfonso XIII of... King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the 11th King of Nepal who succeeded King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev after his death in 1972. During the 1950’s, the country of Nepal was going through tough times. He also studied specialized subjects like politics. Previously, the Rana family had been the ruling family of Nepa. Royal Victorian Chain (United Kingdom). Nepalese people do not want any kind of unconstitutional authoritarianism. King Mahendra later remarried to Ratna Rajya Laxmi Devi (who would later become the Queen of Nepal after Mahendra’s coronation) in 1952. He started industrialization of Nepal by requesting friendly countries to establish different industries in the country. Fifty seven years ago, the King Mahendra took the leadership on 1 Poush 2017 (15 December 1960) to keep intact the Nepal's sovereignty boycotting the Indian intervention. King Mahendra did a lot to give Nepal a separate identity in the international arena. The eldest son of King Mahendra, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. Mahendra was born on June 11, 1920 to King Tribhuvan of Nepal. There is no alternative to move ahead in unison between King Mahendra’s nationalism and BP’s democratic socialism. On the other hand, I would say looking back into the history that King Mahendra was a very great personality. Birendra assumed the powers of king in 1972 on the death of his father, King Mahendra, and was crowned in 1975. But King Dipendra soon died in hospital on June 4, 2001. King Mahendra (Bir Bikram Shah Dev), the ninth Shah (Gorkha) dynasty ruler of Nepal, was born in Kathmandu on July 11, 1920, the eldest son of King Tribhuvan and Queen Kanti. This country is the result of the unification of 54 small Hindu states formatting the only one Hindu kingdom in the world under the leadership of the monarchy. A 13-year-old boy in India whose head was hanging at a 180-degree angle has died just eight months after life-changing surgery to fix it. Some of their ideas would be made into bills that King Mahendra would either agree with or veto. He maintained a balanced friendship with Chinese powerful leader Mao Ze Dong and Indian powerful Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Janakpur Incident. King Mahendra dedicated to build an East-West Highway, about 1000 KM long. The permanent institution- 'Monarchy' can put unites the cordial relation between Nepal, India and China. I never agreed with King Mahendra this step. Death of King Mahendra In 2028 BS King Mahendra was in Chitwan for hunting. He did this because he claimed that the government was fostering corruption and anti-nationalist sentiment. When Mahendra died in 1972, Gyanendra's older brother, Birendra, became king, and proved to be a popular, well-liked monarch in the years to come. He expressed his belief in December 1976 that the road to democracy should be had with reconciliation with the monarch on the belief that the Nepal’s kings can contribute to modernization, and in consideration of the contribution of His Majesty Tribhuvan in the revolution of 1950. Grand Collar of the Order of Pahlavi (Iran) India conceded a 33-run first innings lead to Australia after being bowled out for 336 on day three of the deciding fourth and final test in Brisbane on Sunday. The king promulgated the constitution of the kingdom of Nepal in 2015 BS. As Mahendra took the throne, tensions with this group, and others, continued. Mahendra died in 1972, bringing his son Birendra (Gyanendra’s older brother) to the throne. But the profounder of party leaders-Congress, UML and Maoist don't like the follow the norms of the constitution and existing laws. During the reign of King Virendra. Due to the unnecessary Indian intervention, the position of Nepal's sovereignty was in danger. Kathmandu, Nepal, January 12, 2020: Foreign Minister Pradeep Kumar Gyawali is going to visit southern neighbor India on Thursday in a bid to mention soured relationship on ranges of issues including the border issues. In 1960, Mahendra made some drastic changes in the government of Nepal. Nevertheless, I had acquired information about king Mahendra by studying history and also by interviewing different personalities who had the opportunity to work with king Mahendra. Nepal's independence, sovereignty and democracy can never be safeguarded by abolishing monarchy. In 1961, King Mahendra laid the foundation for East-West Highway at Gailakot to free the people of Indian torment. The real integration was completed in 1982 AD. About the reality of the Nepalese politics and the intention of King Mahendra he said- 'I call back December 1960 when King Mahendra staged the royal coup. By the time of King Mahendra's death on January 31, 1972, there were evident strains and deficiencies in the constitutional and political system he had constructed in the 1960s. Nepali language was continued as national language across the nation. The younger brother of late King Birendra, His Majesty King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was accessioned to throne on June 4, 2001 and currently rules the country. © 2014 - 2021 Sagarmatha Media Network Pvt. That is why he is immortal. King Mahendra without any condition asked the Indian force deployed for security of Nepal to leave. The cause of his death was heart failure. In his final years Mahendra amended the 1962 constitution and made some efforts to bring talented and experienced officials into the key positions in the administrative process. 25 Nov.1992- Weekly newspaper- The Independent'. One of his projects was creating the Mahendra Highway, that improved trade in Nepal. Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: महेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह; 11 June 1920 – 31 January 1972) was King of Nepal from 1955 to 1972. Mahendra helped establish universities, colleges and schools across the country to lay the foundation for education development. 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